The Tasmanian tiger also known as the thylacine was the largest known carnivorous marsupial of modern times. They died out in Australia two thousand years ago but survived on the island of Tasmania where it became the island's top predator. While it looked like a dog it had stripes like a tiger which gave it its name.
When settlers first arrived in Tasmania the thylacine was seen as a pest good for nothing except killing farmer's livestock. The thylacine was blamed for killing sheep so the Tasmanian Government paid 1 pound per head for every tiger. From the 1830's to the 1900's the Tasmanian tiger population was greatly reduced and by the time of the 20th century the thylacine was a rare creature. The last wild one was shot in 1909. The last of the Tasmanian tiger's were placed in zoo's all around the world, the last captive one died on 7th September 1936 marking the extinction of the Tasmanian tiger.
For over 50 years there have been no confirmed sightings, its mating call is no longer heard in the wild. Although many claimed to have seen Thylacine's many remain skeptic. Some believe the last Thylacine's now live in islolated parts of Tasmania where there is little human population.